Write about 250 words with two references briefly describing your opinions: Stud

Write about 250 words with two references briefly describing your opinions: Student 1: In a poll done by the Kaiser Family Foundation, as of 2019, the number one reason for being uninsured in the U.S. is “coverage not affordable” (Tolbert et al., 2020). The Affordable Care Act (ACA) attempted to fill many of the gaps in access and affordability with Medicaid expansion, a marketplace for individuals, small employers, provisions to promote employer-based coverage, and the extension of dependent coverage in the private market.However, in 2017 the Trump Administration began to attempt to dismantle the ACA, the The administration stopped making payments to insurers for cost-sharing reductions. In addition, in 2019, the individual mandate was repealed; due to these changes, many healthier consumers began to leave the marketplace, leaving a “sicker group,” causing prices to increase in the marketplace (Garfleld et al., 2019). The marketplace also became less regulated, and short-term limited duration (STLD) plans could return to the marketplace. Plans such as these can impose barriers to care because they are often medically underwritten, exclude coverage for preexisting conditions, do not cover essential health benefits, and do not have cost-sharing limits (Pollitz et al., 2018). These factors will inevitably begin to contribute to unaffordable health care, barriers to access, and eventually further the increase in disparities and decrease in health outcomes.According to the Kaiser Family Foundation, in 2010, the uninsured accounted for 46.5 million people. In 2010, with the implementation of ACA, the uninsured rate dropped fewer than 26.7 million before increased in 2019 to 28.9 million people (Tolbert et al., 2020). Unfortunately, with the pandemic, those numbers are likely going to continue to increase. According to the Commonwealth Fund, the U.S. spends more per capita on healthcare than any other country, but we boast some of the worst health outcomes. For example, the U.S. has the highest chronic disease burden and obesity rate, lowest life expectancy, and highest suicide rates (Tikkanen & Abrams, 2020).It is unimaginable that a country as wealthy as the United States places so little importance on the health of its citizens and continues to use a free-market model that is failing the U.S. healthcare system.A Ph.D. in Healthcare Administration will help better understand the entire framework of the United States healthcare system and ultimately help create a policy that helps support and sustain affordable healthcare options. Healthcare should be a right, not a privilege.ReferencesGarfleld, R., Orgera, K., Kaiser Family Foundation, & Damico, A. (2019). (publication). The Uninsured and the ACA: A Primer – Key Facts about Health Insurance and the Uninsured amidst Changes to the Affordable Care Act. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved from https://files.kff.org/attachment/The-Uninsured-and…Pollitz, K., Long, M., Semanskee, A., & Kamal, R. (2018). (publication). Understanding Short-Term Limited Duration Health Insurance. Kaiser Family Foundation. https://www.kff.org/health-reform/issue-brief/understanding-short-term-limited-duration-health-insurance/.Tikkanen, R., & Abrams, M. (2020). (issue brief). U.S. Health Care from a Global Perspective, 2019: Higher Spending, Worse Outcomes?Commonwealth Fund. Retrieved from https://www.commonwealthfund.org/publications/issu…Tolbert, J., Oregera, K., & Damico, A. (2020). (publication). Key Facts about the Uninsured Population. Kaiser Family Foundation. Retrieved from https://www.kff.org/uninsured/issue-brief/key-fact…Student 2: Discrimination against obese females in the US is a major determinant of health, but it is very seldom addressed or talked about. Even though studies have shown obese females encounter discrimination daily, the most vulnerable populations for discrimination are listed as minorities, transgender people, and older people with disabilities (Healthy People, 2030, n.d.). There is no mention of weight bias or discrimination. According to (King and Puhl, 2013), obese women are 16 times more likely to be discriminated against than obese men in the workplace. It’s bad enough that obese females are discriminated against at work and passed over for promotions, but they also endure body-shaming by family members and strangers on the internet. According to (Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, 2017), stereotyping obese females as lazy, unintelligent, weak, and lacking willpower leads to physiological stress responses such as raised cortisol levels, depression, and overeating. Obese discrimination and body shaming cause irreversible mental harm; that is why I picked this health issue.A Ph.D. in Health Education and Promotion will give me more knowledge and the opportunity to provide a voice for those that don’t have one. Just bringing awareness to social injustices and discrimination can be the first step towards change. Learning more about the steps to achieve legislative change and grass-root support for health issues is what I hope to accomplish from my degree.Healthy People 2030. (n.d.) Discrimination. https://health.gov/healthypeople/objectives-and-da…King, K., Puhl, R., (2013). Weight bias: does it affect men and women differently? https://www.obesityaction.org/community/article-li…Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania. (2017, January 26). Fat-shaming linked to greater health risks. ScienceDaily. www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/01/170126082024…
Requirements: 500words

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